Endangered Australian Animals

There are many endangered Australian animals. The following animals have been highlighted by Australia as at risk animals that may go extinct without intervention. It means seeing them is unlikely unless you are visiting a wildlife park.

Overall there are 384 mammals, reptiles and fish that the government has classes as either vulnerable, endangered or critically endangered. Below are a collection of a few of my favourites.

There are many reasons why animals become endangered australian animals. It could be due to a loss of food source which may be due to land clearing for developments and housing.

It can also be due to the introduction of predators that can have an impact on the overall food chain e.g dogs and cats.

Hoofed animals can also squash small animals’ burrows. These animals are not native to Australia and have been introduced to the country.

You can find out more about the endangered Tasmanian Devil (pictured below) on the Australian native animals page.

The Grey Nurse Shark

There are two populations of Grey Nurse Sharks in Australia. The first is the western population and the second is the Eastern population. As you would imagine, they are found on opposite coasts of Australia.

This Western population have been classified as “Vulnerable” endangered Australian animals due to their reduction in numbers because of the impacts of fishing. The Eastern population has been put on the critically endangered list. It seems diving and fishing have caused numbers on the East side to fall as low as 250 grey nurse sharks.

They tend to grow to between 2.5m and 3m depending on whether they are male or female, and can weigh up to 190kg.

Lifespan is still questionable but it is thought that they live somewhere between 20 and 25 years.

They are generally killed when they get tangled up in fishing equipment. The demersal gillnet fishery that operates between Steep Point and South Australian border is the biggest cause of their deaths.

They are also hunted for their fins. The skin is used for leather goods and their meat is used for human consumption.

The Orange Bellied Parrot

This parrot is native to South Australia and is usually found along the coast and are deemed as being one of the critically endangered australian animals.

During breeding season the birds migrate to Tasmania with many if not all passing through King Island.

It is estimated that there are now only 150 individual birds left.

They like to live in hollows of Eucalyptus trees and feed on seeds and fruits.

They have become endangered due to land clearing and recreational activities along the coast. The introduction of starlings have also reduced the number of nesting places.

Yellow Spotted Tree Frog

There are only two places that you will be able to see this tree frog. The first is in the town of Guyra on the New England Tableland, New South Wales. The second is around the Canberra region, Australian Capital Territory. There have been no sitings since the 1970’s.

They like to live in permanent swamps, still backwater rivers, swamps and lagoons.

It is unclear as to what has caused the massive decline in numbers. It could be the increase in ultra-violet radiation, disease or the introduction of a fish called Gambusia. Either way, these are endangered australian animals.

Southern Brown Bandicoot

This is a rabbit sized marsupial with small rounded ears. Bandicoots are found throughout Australia but the Southern brown Bandicoot is found in NSW, Victoria and South Australia.

It has been categorised as an endangered Australian animal. It is believed that the introduction of the red fox is to blame for the reduction in numbers as well as the clearance of their habitat for agricultural use.

They tend to build nests on the ground made of leaves and are generally nocturnal. They eat plants, ants and beetle larvae.

The Greater Bilby

The Greater Bilby is another rabbit sized marsupial. This one has long blue grey fur. It has long ears and a long snout.

It grows to about 55cm and the males can weigh up to 2.5kg. It is anticipated that they can live for about 5 years.

You will find this one in the top end of Western Australia and parts of the Northern Territory. They like higher rainfalls and tropical conditions. This area gives them more food supplies and there are also less foxes.

Their diet can change depending on the season and their geographical location. They mainly eat plants.

Their numbers have been reduced due to accidental trappings in rabbit traps as well as disease. The most notable reason however is the introduction of the fox which has resulted in them joining the list of endangered australian animals

The Numbat

This is a marsupial with red fur and prominent white stripes. It is relatively small reaching 27cm and weighing 0.7kg.

There are still populations in the far south of Western Australia but numbers have been significantly reduced over the years putting this marsupial on the vulnerable list. Recent years however have seen the population recover due to conservation programmes. For example, they have started to breed them at Perth Zoo.

It feeds only on termites and Eucalypt forests and woodlands. They can consumer 20,000 termites a day!

The reduction in Eucalypt forests and the introduction of the fox are the key reasons that this species is now on the vulnerable list and one of the many endangered Australian animals

For more information click here for a full list of endangered species in Australia

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